19 Mar Reaction of phenol with chloroform and KOH to give salicylaldehyde is known as Reimer-Tiemann reaction. Mechanism:—- In this reaction,chloroform reacts first. The Reimer-Tiemann Reaction. Hans Wynberg. Chem. Rev., , 60 (2), pp – DOI: /cra Publication Date: April ACS Legacy . First of all, in the phenoxide ion, the lone pair on the oxygen atom doesn’t remain fully available, it remains in continuous conjugation with the double bond of the.

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In Reimer-Tiemann reaction why does phenol attack the carbene from ortho position? This page was last edited on 31 Octoberat This is also another reason why that transition state is more favoured, and the reaction rate through that step is higher than any other possible steps.

General Mechanism Of Reimer Tiemann Reaction | Byju’s

The negative charge is delocalised into the aromatic ring, making it eeaction more nucleophilic. Once you have developed concepts on this topic, you can practice questions from the books of authors like M. The way I see it: You have selected the wrong answer!!

The hydroxide will also deprotonate the phenol 4 to give a negatively charged phenoxide 5. When phenols are treated with chloroform in the presence of sodium hydroxide, an aldehyde group -CHO is introduced at the ortho position of benzene ring leading to the formation of o-hydroxybenzaldehyde.


Login to track tiwmann save your performance. In the simplest sense this consists of an aqueous hydroxide solution and an organic phase containing the chloroform. Karl Reimer Ferdinand Tiemann. Practise s of questions mapped to your syllabus. This reaction is popularly known as Reimer Tiemann reaction.

This interaction favors selective ortho-formylation. This can be achieved by rapid mixing, phase-transfer catalystsor an emulsifying agent the use of 1,4-Dioxane as a solvent is an example. First of all, in the phenoxide ion, the lone pair on the oxygen atom doesn’t remain fully available, it timann in continuous conjugation with the double bond of the benzene ring. After basic hydrolysis, the desired product 9 is formed. The final product is not a major product I wasn’t even able to find it listed as a product after a cursory google searchso why does phenoxide attack the carbene from ortho position.

Soumik Das 3, 2 In addition, many compounds can not withstand being heated in the presence of hydroxide.

Reimer–Tiemann reaction

Sign up using Facebook. Berichte der Deutschen Chemischen Gesellschaft in German. Congratulations You have selected the correct answer!! The Reimer—Tiemann reaction is effective for other hydroxy-aromatic compounds, such as naphthols.


From the Wikipedia article on Reimer-Tiemann reation: Post as a guest Name. In the resonance hybrid, there is also electron density on the Carbon atom in the ortho and para teimer also definitely on the oxygen atom itself.

Questions Tags Users Badges Unanswered. But, Carbon being less electronegative acts as a better nucleophile in this case rather than Oxygen. Oxygen bearing a negative charge is a good nucleophile too. This mechanism of the reaction tienann be explained in eight major steps:.

Sign up or log in Sign up using Google. So I proceeded with oxygen tieman as an nucleophile and came up with this mechanism: The two reagents are therefore separated and must be brought together for the reaction to take place.

Here is a picture of the intermidiate and a 3D view of it. Hydroxides are generally not readily soluble in chloroform, thus the reaction is generally carried reijer in a biphasic solvent system. Berichte der Deutschen Chemischen Gesellschaft. Nucleophilic attack of the dichlorocarbene gives an intermediate dichloromethyl substituted phenol 7.