Ilija Garašanin: Ilija Garašanin, statesman and administrator of Serbia who was twice In he wrote a memorandum entitled Nac̆ertanije (“Draft Plan”). Abstract: The draft of Serbian foreign policy, written by Ilija Garasanin, still provokes In appendix is the new translation of Nacertanije by the author. An English translation is also available in P. N. Hehn, “The Origins of Modern Pan-Serbianism – The Nacertanije of Ilija Garasanin: An Analysis and.

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Some of the advice and reports on Ulija were sent to the Porte, and the governments in Paris and London were informed about their contents through the French ambassador in Constantinople, Bourqueney.

For this work the government would have to take the first step providing for and appointing a commercial agent to Ulcinj who would instruct the Serbian merchant, as if pointing with his forefinger, where he should direct his attention.

Although certain paragraphs were literally taken from Zach’s work, it was the essence of Garasanin’s views. The Mission of Colonel Hodges. He believed that bureaucracy was the only way for administration to work. For the Serbs, then, agreement and understanding with Austria is a political impossibility; for thus she would tight the rope around her neck herself.

But, in spite of it all, Russia would be glad to receive information about these agreements in order to learn their trace and evolvement, and little by little, to gain control of them for her own aims. To include the Yugoslav lands under Austrian rule in the Serbian national plan would only mean, in Garasanin’s eyes, a direct Austrian interference in Serbia’s internal affairs. Batakovic Serbia must place herself in the ranks of other European states, creating a plan for her future or composing, so to speak, a long-term domestic policy to the principles of which she should firmly adhere, nacertxnije according to which she should conduct herself and decide steadily all her affairs.

Therefore, our present will not be without a link to our past, but the two will comprise an inter-dependent, homogeneous and organized whole. Essentially, Nacertanije can be reduced to two main goals: Biblioteka Czartoryskich, Krakow, Ms. It nacerttanije certainly one of the most contested documents of nineteenth-century Serbian history.

[Projekat Rastko] Dusan T. Batakovic: Ilija Garasanin’s Nacertanije: A Reassesment

Here is stressed the role of Nacertanije in its historical context and analyzed through various foreign influences, Polish, French and British. Besides these factual instructions, they should be given a general instruction that would contain the following points which they will be required to carry out: In a word, the Nacertanuje would in this way sell high and buy cheap.


Central European University Press, garasanib Gaining a greater influence over the Eastern Orthodox Bosnians will not be a difficult task for Serbia. He thought that Serbia, preoccupied by its internal consolidation and pressure from the outside, was not sufficiently aware of the importance the spread of its political influence could have not only among the Serbs outside its borders, but also among the neighbouring Slavic nations with whom they intermingled.

If Serbia ponders well ilijw what she is, and what her position is, and what are the peoples that surround her, she will realize that she is still very small, naceranije she must not remain in such position, and that only through alliance with other neighbouring peoples can she fulfil the tasks for her future.


The third basic principle of this policy is that of unity of nationalities, whose diplomatic representative is to be the government of the Principality of Serbia.

Sava, and the heritage preserved in oral and ecclesiastic traditions of the medieval state of Nemanjic dynasty, considered to have reached its peak with the vast but short-lived empire of Stefan Dusan in the midth century when it was covering the area from the Drina river to the Peloponnesus, and from Sofia to Durrazo in Albania.

However, at the time Nacertanije was written, the majority of intelligentsia in Croatia was largely Germanized or Hungarianized, and the rural population was totally passive in the national sense. Even now in many places, and in certain cabinets, it is anticipated and expected that a great future is imminent for the Serbs, and it is this fact which has attracted the attention of entire Europe.

Ilija Garašanin

Desktop version Mobile version. If we consider the revival of the Serbian Empire from this standpoint, then other South Slavs will easily understand this idea and accept it with joy; for probably in no European country is the memory of the historical past so vivid as among the Slavs of Turkey, for whom the recollection is intense and faithful of the celebrated figures and events of their history.

He was born into a merchant family. These instructions, naturally, must seek to learn what every agent has to say so far about the ongoing Serbian policy, as well as what hopes may be awaken and how the attention and regard, particularly of Serbia’s friends, should be centered.


But, he wanted to protect the Orthodox Church in Serbia from the dominant clericalism of the Roman Catholic Church and its powerful organization, aware that liberal Catholics were just a circle of intellectuals without any significant influence within the Church.

Czartoryski focused his attention on Serbia’s activities among the Serbs and the neighbouring Slavic peoples in Turkey and Austria. Article Tools Print this article. Ronald Reagan, 40th president of the United States —89noted for his conservative Republicanism,…. The common heritage, from the claims to one another’s historical heroes of the epic tradition to the Bulgarian taking of heroes from the Serbian national revolution for their own, could perhaps be yet another guideline in understanding the Serbian standpoints.

Kennedy, 35th president of the United States —63who faced a number of foreign crises,…. Our longing cannot be dismissed as new and ungrounded, as being a revolution or a coup, but must be acknowledged by everyone as politically necessary, grounded in ancient times and as having its root in the former state and national life of the Serbs—a root which is merely starting to grow new branches and is starting to thrive again.

Leanings towards Russia were envisaged only in the event of a conflict with Constantinople. Nacertanije has two main sources: However, more caution and attention must be exercised if the Bosnian Catholics are to be won over. The Balkan alliance and negotiations about a common federal state with the Croats once again raised the issue of a global solution to the Yugoslav question.

According to Zach’s ideas, formulated in one particular memorandum sent to Czartoryski before his arrival in Belgrade – Serbia, strengthened by liberal reforms, was to become the centre around which the Southern Slavs would rally. Insecurity caused by a Hobbesian world political system structured the content of Garasanin’s garasnain.

Owing to his abilities, Garasanin was predestined to conceptualize various influences, both domestic and foreign, and put them all together into what would be known in history as Nacertanije.

Although these debates on the main messages of this document were conducted in terms of historiography, they usually reflected the political and national stands of its interpreters.