Busseola fusca exhibits oligophagous feeding behavior on host plants belonging to the family Poaceae. Primary host plants are maize (Zea mays L.) and. Preferred Scientific Name; Busseola fusca. Preferred Common Name; African maize stalk borer. Taxonomic Tree; Domain: Eukaryota; Kingdom: Metazoa. The Maize Stalk Borer (Busseola fusca) is a major pest of Maize and Sorghum.

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Pull and push crops against borers in maize. It commences during the first night after mating, peaks during the second and then gradually decreases until the fifth night [ 37 ]. Lepidopterous stem borers of cereals in Nigeria. Geographical variation in the seasonal moth flight activity of the maize stalk borer, Busseola fusca Fuller in South Africa. Genetically modified GM maize expressing insecticidal Cry proteins Bt -maize have been deployed with success against B.

Busseola fusca (African maize stalk borer)

Noctuidae in northern Nigeria. The mature caterpillar cuts a hole in the stem before pupating within the tunnel. Morphological study of the pre-imaginal instars of lepidopterous borers of maize in the savannah area of Ivory Coast. Noctuidaefeeding in whorl tissue.

Factsheet – Busseola fusca (Fuller, ) – African Maize Stalkborer

Thereby, the female typically sweeps her ovipositor on the plant surface as if evaluating the suitability of the plant, simultaneously touching it with the tips of her antennae, and then, if the plant is accepted, oviposition takes place.


It appears that the position at which the eggs are found correlates with the developmental stage of the plant, and with increasing plant age, egg batches are increasingly found higher up on the plant [ 24 ]. Although it is rare to find more than one B. This narrow host plant range was due to physical and chemical plant characteristics that influence the interactions between B.

This website uses cookies to improve your experience. Adesiyun AA; Ajayi O, Alternatively, simply leaving stems lying on the ground exposed to the full heat of the sun for a month or so after harvest has been shown to reduce populations of diapause larvae Harris, ; Gebre-Amlak, Competitive displacement of Busseola fusca Lepidoptera: Country-wide surveys in West Africa and Cameroon showed that stemborer densities within maize fields significantly decreased with abundance of wild grasses around the field [ 1022].

Reproductive biology of Bt -resistant and susceptible field-collected larvae of the maize stem borer, Busseola fusca Lepidoptera: Sexual dimorphism of antennal, tarsal and ovipositor chemosensilla in the African stemborer, Busseola fusca Fuller Lepidoptera: During the last decade, the interactions of this insect pest with plants e.

Observations on the host plant adaptation of Busseola fusca Lepidoptera: Stemborer parasitoids have been released and their populations evaluated in different countries Mozambique Cugala et al. It is after landing that the final decision for oviposition takes place.

Agriculture and Environment, 2 1: As already reported by Kaufmann [ 7 ], larval migration of B. The role of wild grasses in the management of lepidopterous cereal stemborers on maize in western Africa. The role of wild host plants in the abundance of lepidopteran stem borers along bussdola gradient in Kenya.


Busseola fusca (Fuller)

Related fuca this, new avenues of stem borer management are proposed. Geographical variation in the seasonal moth flight activity of the maize stem borer, Busseola fusca Fuller in South Africa.

Journal of the Entomological Society of Southern Africa, 48 1: They crawl up the plant into the funnel. The first description of the oviposition site, eggs, larval behavior and damage symptoms caused by B. Geographical Distribution Busseola fusca occurs throughout sub-Saharan Africa [ 6 ] but not in Zanzibar and Madagascar [ 48 ]. Lepidopterous stem borers of cereals in Nigeria.

The stem borer Busseola fusca Fuller Lepidoptera: Noctuidae in southern Ethiopia. An annotated list of the parasites of graminaceous stem borers in East Africa, with a discussion of their potential in biological control. A similar trend was also observed in South Africa where B.

Although few rigorous experiments have been reported, it is generally accepted that B.