Balantidiasis is a protozoan infection caused by infection with Balantidium coli. Contents. 1 Symptoms; 2 Transmission; 3 Treatment; 4 History and epidemiology . Balantidiasis is a rare intestinal infection caused by the bacterium, Balantidium coli, a single celled parasite (ciliate protozoan) that frequently infects pigs but on . 31 Aug Balantidiasis is an infectious disease, rare in western countries. It is caused by Balantidium coli, a single celled parasite (ciliate protozoan) that.

Author: Goltir Voodooshura
Country: Sudan
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Personal Growth
Published (Last): 27 December 2018
Pages: 449
PDF File Size: 7.52 Mb
ePub File Size: 16.62 Mb
ISBN: 531-6-76354-337-9
Downloads: 39993
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Akinot

Symptoms of Balantidiasis may be similar to those of other infections that cause intestinal inflammation, for example, amoebic dysentery. It typically occurs in tropical regions balantidiaeis as Brazil, New Guinea, and southern Iran.

Trophozoites undergo encystation to produce infective cysts. Views Read Edit View history. Some specific safeguards include the following:.

Balantidiasis – Wikipedia

Balantidiasis; a review and report of cases. Disease caused by the ciliate protozoan Balantidium coli.

Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to navigation Skip directly to page options Skip directly to site content. Elsevier Churchill Livingstone; Balantidiasis in Aymara children from the northern Bolivian Altiplano. Need a Curbside Consult?


Click here for patient related inquiries. Balantidiasis is a zoonotic disease and is acquired by humans via the feco-oral route from the normal host, the pig, where it is asymptomatic.


It is not necessary to isolate quarantine a person who has Balantidiasis. Dysentery caused by Balantidium coli in a patient with non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma from Turkey.

Balantidiasis tends to be more common among persons who handle pigs. Trophozoites are characterized by: Balantidiasis epidemics have occurred in psychiatric hospitals in the United States.

This page was last edited on 24 Julyat Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases. The diagnosis of balantidiasis can be an intricate process, partly because the related symptoms may or may not be present. However, the diagnosis of balantidiasis can be considered when a patient has diarrhea combined with a probable history of current exposure to amebiasis through travel, contact with infected persons, or anal intercourse.

Humans ingest infective cysts, balanyidiasis then migrate to the large intestine, cecum, and terminal ileum. Intestinal infectious diseases Neglected diseases Tropical diseases. December 4, Content source: Diagnosis is usually made by identification of mobile trophozoites in fresh stool or scraped from an ulcer seen during endoscopy Rarely the diagnosis is made by examination of urine or bronchioalveolar lavage fluid, or by identification in biopsy or resection specimens.


Laboratory Diagnosis Laboratory Diagnosis Diagnosis is based on detection of trophozoites in stool specimens or in tissue collected during endoscopy.

The trophozoites replicate by binary fission and conjugation, and they subsist on bacteria. Following ingestion, excystation occurs in the small intestine, and the trophozoites colonize the large intestine. Flattened oval organism covered with cilia with gullet at anterior end. Clinical manifestations, when present, include persistent diarrhea, occasionally dysentery, abdominal pain, and weight loss. The antibiotic drug most frequently used to treat Balantidiasis is tetracycline.

Pathology Outlines – Balantidiasis

Weight loss and a decrease in appetite are also associated with Ulcerative Colitis. Cyst of Balantidium coli in feces. Some individuals balantieiasis become acutely ill with abnormally high temperatures, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, and bloody diarrhea.

Ulcerative Colitis is an acute inflammatory bowel disease characterized by diarrhea and blood in the stools because of multiple, irregular ulcerations of the bowel. Preventative measures require effective personal and community hygiene.